Migraine, also referred to as Cephalagia, is a complex neurological condition which is one of the most widespread conditions in our country with more than 10 million cases being reported each year. There are several types of migraines, as studies and research suggest. Each of them come with their own set of symptoms. The complexity and variability associated with migraines has made it impossible to come up with a universal treatment for it.
The various types of migraines include:
- Migraine with aura
- Migraine without aura
- Chronic migraine
- Menstrual migraine
- Hemiplegic migraine
- Cyclical vomiting syndrome
- Abdominal migraine
Symptoms of Migraine
Migraines are characterized by a range of symptoms. The most common of which are headaches. The attacks can be excruciatingly painful, intense and occur on one side, they can last anywhere between 4 to 72 hours.
Symptoms include :
- Nausea, and disturbed vision
- Painful headaches, usually confined to one side of the head during an attack, but can occur on either side of the head.
- Increasing pain during physical activity.
- Feeling mentally and physically exhausted.
- Heightened sensitivity to light (photophobia), sound (hyperacusis) and smells.
Some people experience other symptoms such as sweating, temperature changes, tummy ache and diarrhoea.
Siddha Alternative Healing Approach for Migraines
In Siddha medicine, the Migraine is referred to as Otrai Thalaivali, characterized by a severe throbbing on one side of the head, which propagates to the entire head over time. Visual or neuralgic aura, vomiting and prostration are also observed. Some of the alternative terms used for headaches are Mandai soolai, Mandai idi, Thalai kkuthu, Thalai nokkadu and Kabala soolai. Vayu, together with, either Vatham, or Kapham, manifests in the form of a migraine.
Siddha, according to the Siddhar “Yugi muni”, deals with two variations of the migraine: Soorya vartham and Chandra vartham, which are attacks caused in the morning and nights respectively.
In Siddha healing, while focussing on effective internal medication, complete treatment gives importance to external applications like medicated oil bath, Poochu, Nasyam, Kasthuri mathirai, Poogai, Linga chenduram, Maha elathi gulikai, Gowri chindamani, Ayakantha chenduram, and Arumuga chenduram, which are some of the medications that Siddhars prescribe.
While Siddha healing uses internal and external natural medication, Chakrasiddh relies largely on Marma therapy to stimulate the crucial regions of the body, enhance blood and energy flow and dispel the disease causing toxins to improve the health of the patient.
Mirgraines are triggered by various factors and eliminating these triggers is essential in addition to the treatment. Lifestyle changes, practicing yoga, including specific Pranayama (breathing techniques) into daily exercise routine, getting at least 7 hours of sleep every day and dietary modifications are recommended to effectively manage migraines.